How to stop camera lens fog
Astrophotography, Landscape Astrophotography, and just plain old Night Shooting are difficult enough. Using the right lens, setting the ISO correctly and getting the exposure time correct are all issues that plague photographers shooting at night (and other times of day).
Never mind the fact that fact that "playing" in the dark has several dangers, from wild animals, to wilder people, and even police that thing you're up to no good. Mother Nature figured she'd have a go at you also. If you have ever gone out shooting night scenes, wide-field astrophotography, or landscape astrophotography, you've probably experienced the dreaded lens fog.
What causes lens fog
The easy explanation
To explain this issue in simple terms, your camera's lens will fog most times when the lens is colder than the air surrounding the lens.
The more in depth explanation
When the air near the lens is cooled by the lens, the relative humidity of the surrounding air will quickly increase. As air cools it looses it's ability to carry water vapour. Once the relative humidity reaches near 100% and greater water will begin to collect on the lens.
Even if the air is fairly dry, if the temperature difference is great enough you will get lens fog.
How to stop it
Preventing lens fog isn't really that difficult. Simply don't allow your lens to get colder than the outside air!.......
How the heck do you do that????
There are several ways that you can achieve this;
- You can purchase a lens warmer
- You can use a DIY lens warmer
- You can use a hair dryer every once in a while on your lens (if a plug is around)
- Use hand warmers - My current choice
My weapon of choice are "Hotties" they are available in a few different sizes.
I have used the large ones, and am currently in possession of some smaller ones that I'm going to experiment with.
How to use them
Using hand warmers is quite simple and the only extra equipment needed is an elastic band.
As you can see in the photograph to the right, all you have to do is place the hand warmer over the barrel of the lens and affix it with an elastic band.
If you follow this tip, it should help defend you against the evil conspiracy Mother Nature has planned for you and your night shots.
Hopefully this post gives you the knowledge to overcome one more of the many obstacles that you will face as a creature of the night.
Oh, if I ever figure out how to avoid the police bombarding you with a thousand questions as to why you're out "Creeping" (the wording they used with me) around with your camera I'll be sure to blog about it.